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Chrysanthemum for your Flower Garden

August 17, 2010
Beautiful Chrysanthemum

Well-grown young foliage

Chrysanthemum (also known as mums) is perhaps one of the easiest flowering plant to grow and which requires moderate level of maintenance. According to historical facts, It is a native plant to China and later introduced to Japan before moving further to the West. Chrysanthemum can be served as tea and sometimes used as herb to cure influenza. Chrysanthemums are generally classified based on their shapes and petal arrangements and nowadays, cultivated chrysanthemums appear in different variety of colors such as yellow, white, pink, lavender or even bright red.

Those interested in planting Chrysanthemum can either start off by acquiring seeds, cuttings or young divisions which can easily be purchased from nursery. Check with the supplier for the seedlings’ information as they will tell you which one is the hardy mums. Early flowerings cultivar are usually considered a hardy type because one of the most challenging part in chrysanthemum cultivation is ensuring that the plant is able to survive through winter. This is due to the fact that Chrysanthemum actually has a shallow root system and therefore severe cold and repeated cycles of freezing and thawing during winter could bring devastating effect. To ensure that the timing is correct, they are best planted in early spring as soon as the soil begins to warm up so that the plants have time to established itself and prepared for the dangers of freezing during winter time.

Other than that, in order to successfully grow and cultivate Chrysanthemum, the person must also ensure that the following requirements are met:

Location for Sunlight
First of all, select a location whereby the plant will receive sufficient sunlight and in most cases, up to five or six hours of exposure is best needed to produce a healthy plant. Try to avoid planting too close to night lights as this will disrupt the plant cycle and thus inhibit proper growth and also flower formation. One must also know that Chrysanthemums are “photoperiodic” meaning that they will only bloom in response to shorter days and longer nights. Therefore location for sunlight is one of the most important criteria.

Soil which has good drainage
Another important point to remember is that the plants are to be grown in well-drained soil, enriched with compost. Avoid at all cost, low-level site areas whereby rainwater will collect. Even if at higher ground without proper drainage, there is actually a way to overcome the situation by constructing raised beds using pretreated wood. However, this method may incur extra cost and is not advisable. Conduct your research properly and perform soil testing to check the moisture before start planting.

Try to avoid overcrowding
When planting, try to create sufficient space between one plant to another to avoid extensive root competition. For best results try to have at least 20 – 30 inches of space. This is to ensure they have enough space to properly bloom and mature. Overcrowding is also important to prevent spread of disease.

Feed with fertilizers
Apply fertilizers every 2 weeks and ensure that the fertilizer is a balanced type prepared specifically for mums. Check with the supplier for good recommendations.

Check regularly for disease
Among the known conditions affecting mums are the formation of warty patches on the underside. Plants with this condition, are identified to be suffering from white rust and the only way to contain it from spreading is to destroy the affected ones. There are in fact lots of other known diseases and this knowledge can usually be obtained by going to through information either from the library or Internet.

Finally, in order to ensure nice and proper bloom, there is a technique which planter usually apply which is called “pinching”. Pinching” simply means removing the tips and first set of leaves, therefore stimulating the chrysanthemums to send out side-shoots. This method can only be applied during spring when the new growth has already reached 4-6″ in length. However, this practice must stopped by mid-June to ensure that the plants have enough time to bloom before winter comes or else it won’t survive. Therefore, be careful on the act of pinching.

Lovely flowers for your considerations: Fuschias for hanging baskets

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